Probabilities and odds are often confused. The Dutch language doesn’t even have a word for “odds” and instead simply uses the English term. The difference between the two is relevant though. When gambling, for example, and also when trying to understand your risk of getting a disease.
If you ask scientists why they conduct research, they often give the grandest of reasons: curing diseases, ending world hunger, or ending our dependence on fossil fuels. I found out you can be in science with a relatively smaller goal, and that that’s okay.
Only 7-15% of PhD candidates finish their doctorates on time, and, after that, many of them work unpaid to complete their degrees. Why is this the case, is it acceptable, and how can the situation be improved?